Paragraph 95

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Syriac Text: J. –B. Chabot (ed.), Anonymi auctoris chronicon ad annum Christi 1234 pertinens. Praemissum est chronicon anonymum ad A.D. 819 pertinens (vol. 1; Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium, Scriptores Syri Series tertia; tomus 14, 1920). Translated by Mark Steven Francois (Ph.D.)   Last updated: Sept. 3, 2018.

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Anonymous Chronicle Up to 1234 – Paragraph 95 (ܨܗ)

(95) Concerning their doctrine and laws. Since we have spoken up to this point about the cause and the beginning and the movement of Muhammad, the first king of the Arabs, let us now move on to speak about the laws and commandments that he said were given to him by God, which he set down for them. He taught them as follows:

That they should confess one God, the creator of all things, without being called Father, Son, or Spirit, but deity, a single person[1] and a single substance;[2] that “he is not begotten and that he does not beget”; and that he does not have a spouse.[3]

He accepts Moses and his writing and he accepts the Gospel[4] – except for this: that he does not acknowledge that the Messiah was crucified.

Concerning the Messiah he thought that he was a righteous and honourable human being among the prophets and that he was born from a virgin without intercourse –like Adam who was created from the earth by the word of God. But he does not accept that he was crucified but that he performed miracles and raised the dead. And when the Jews stretched out their hands [to seized him], another man was made to be like him in his appearance and they crucified him – but he, the Messiah, while alive, was taken up to the fourth heaven. And there he will remain until the end and then he will come to the earth for a second time. And he will judge mankind on the day of the resurrection by the command of God.

They also acknowledge the resurrection and punishment for actions. He acknowledges a Paradise that is apprehended by the senses and very material: with food, drink, and intercourse with beautiful concubines. And the material that is laid[5] on the beds is made of gold and the carpets are made of aqarulion[6] and panazion.[7] And there are rivers of milk and honey.

They also acknowledge an end to the torment of each one who is tormented according to the sins which he committed – then he goes out from there to Paradise. The one who resides there is also allowed to be married, each one to as many free-born women he wants, legally. And it is lawful for him [to be married] to as many maidservants as he wants. And a man [is allowed] to divorce his wife and give her a certificate of divorce according to the law of Moses.

He also teaches that they should pray five times per day after being washed before prayer as an absolute necessity. The fast is 30 days per year, the fixed month which is called Ramadan, when they fast during the daytime but are permitted to eat during the entire night.

They perform the circumcision on the males and females who are among them.

During the time of prayer their worship is directed toward the south.

He was also entrusted with that book which he, that is Muhammad, said was poured out on his mind by God through an angel. And he brought it forth through his tongue to be heard by people. And they call it a holy book.

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[1] ܦܪܨܘܦܐ.

[2] Syr. ܩܢܘܡܐ.

[3] Syr. ܫܘܬܦܐ, “partner, companion”. Clearly this refers to Mary.

[4] I.e. a written account of the life of Jesus.

[5] Syr. ܡܐܓܣܐ. Based on the context of this passage, this word has to refer to something that is placed on a bed or a couch.

[6] Syr. ܐܩܪܘܠܝܘܢ. Some kind of fabric.

[7] Syr. ܦܐܢܐܙܝܘܢ. Some kind of fabric.