Paragraph 93

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Syriac Text: J. –B. Chabot (ed.), Anonymi auctoris chronicon ad annum Christi 1234 pertinens. Praemissum est chronicon anonymum ad A.D. 819 pertinens (vol. 1; Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium, Scriptores Syri Series tertia; tomus 14, 1920). Translated by Mark Steven Francois (Ph.D.)  Last updated: May 23, 2019

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The Anonymous Chronicle Up to 1234 AD – Paragraph 93 (ܨܓ)

(93) The capture of Jerusalem by the Persians.  In the sixth year of Heracleus[1] and the twenty-seventh of Khosraw,[2] Shahrbaraz besieged the city of Jerusalem and conquered it with the sword.  In it he killed ninety thousand Christians.  And the Jews, because of their enmity, bought them for a small price and killed them.  Shahrbaraz captured Zechariah, the Chalcedonian bishop of Jerusalem, and sent him to Khosraw in Persia along with the precious wood of the crucifixion and the movable property of gold and silver.  Then he carried away the Jews from Jerusalem.  In the following year, Shahrbaraz went up to Egypt and subdued it to the Persians as well as Alexandria.  And he killed many people in it.

[1] 616 CE. The proper date for the Sassanian Conquest of Jerusalem is actually 614 CE. For the reign of Heraclius see Walter E. Kaegi, Heraclius, Emperor of Byzantium (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007), and Beae Dignas and Engelbert Winter, Rome and Persia in Late Antiquity: Neighbours and Rival (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007), 45.

[2] Khosrow II ruled the Sasanian Empire (i.e. Persia) from 590 to 628 CE. See Dignas and Winter, Rome and Persia in Late Antiquity, 42.

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[1] 616 CE. The proper date for the Sassanian Conquest of Jerusalem is actually 614 CE. Heraclius was emperor of the Roman Empire (i.e. the Byzantine Empire) from 610 to 641 CE. For the reign of Heraclius see Walter E. Kaegi, Heraclius, Emperor of Byzantium (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007), and Beae Dignas and Engelbert Winter, Rome and Persia in Late Antiquity: Neighbours and Rival (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007), 45.

[2] Khusro II ruled the Sasanian Empire (i.e. Persia) from 590 to 628 CE. See Dignas and Winter, Rome and Persia in Late Antiquity, 42.