Paragraph 93

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Syriac Text: J. –B. Chabot (ed.), Anonymi auctoris chronicon ad annum Christi 1234 pertinens. Praemissum est chronicon anonymum ad A.D. 819 pertinens (vol. 1; Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium, Scriptores Syri Series tertia; tomus 14, 1920). Translated by Mark Steven Francois (Ph.D.) 

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The Anonymous Chronicle Up to 1234 AD – Paragraph 93 (ܨܓ) — Last updated: February 17, 2020)

(93) The capture of Jerusalem by the Persians.  In the sixth year of Heraclius[1] and the twenty-seventh year of Khosrow,[2] Shahrbaraz laid siege to the city of Jerusalem and conquered it with the sword.  And he killed 90,000 Christians in it.  And the Jews, because of their hostility, bought them for a small price and killed them.  And Shahrbaraz captured Zechariah, the Chalcedonian bishop who was in Jerusalem.  And he sent him to Khosrow in Persia along with the precious wood of the crucifixion and the moveable property that was made out of gold and silver.  Then he carried the Jews away from Jerusalem.  In the following year, Shahrbaraz went up to Egypt and brought it into subjection to the Persians along with Alexandria.  And he carried out many killings in it.


[1] 616 CE. The proper date for the Sassanian Conquest of Jerusalem is actually 614 CE. For the reign of Heraclius see Walter E. Kaegi, Heraclius, Emperor of Byzantium (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007), and Beae Dignas and Engelbert Winter, Rome and Persia in Late Antiquity: Neighbours and Rival (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007), 45.

[2] Khosrow II ruled the Sasanian Empire (i.e. Persia) from 590 to 628 CE. See Dignas and Winter, Rome and Persia in Late Antiquity, 42.

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[1] 616 CE. The proper date for the Sassanian Conquest of Jerusalem is actually 614 CE. Heraclius was emperor of the Roman Empire (i.e. the Byzantine Empire) from 610 to 641 CE. For the reign of Heraclius see Walter E. Kaegi, Heraclius, Emperor of Byzantium (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007), and Beae Dignas and Engelbert Winter, Rome and Persia in Late Antiquity: Neighbours and Rival (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007), 45.

[2] Khusro II ruled the Sasanian Empire (i.e. Persia) from 590 to 628 CE. See Dignas and Winter, Rome and Persia in Late Antiquity, 42.