Eight Important Things to Know About the Syriac Alphabet

In this video we take a look at eight important things to know about the alphabet that is used in Classical Syriac:

1. It is descended from the alphabet used in Imperial Aramaic.

2. It is distantly related to the English alphabet.

3. It originally comes from in or around the city of Edessa.

4. It can be written in three different scripts.

5. It is written from right to left.

6. It is a semi-cursive script.

7. It was originally written without a full system of vowels.

8. It has twenty-two letters.

For my free online grammar of Classical Syriac, click here.

Mark Steven Francois (Ph.D.)

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OT Textual Criticism: Changes Made to Protect Revered Figures (Judges 18:30)

This video is part of a series on Old Testament Textual Criticism. This video deals with one type of intentional change that was made by scribes as they were copying out the text of the Old Testament: changes that were made to protect the reputation of a revered figure. The example used in this video is the classical example found in Judges 18:30. Is the Levite in Judges 17-18 the grandson of Manasseh or the grandson of Moses? Enjoy!

עֵ֫זֶר כְּנֶגְדּוֹ (Ezer Kenegdo) and the Methodology Used in Biblical Theology

This is the first video in a series on the meaning of the term עֵ֫זֶר כְּנֶגְדּוֹ
(Ezer Kenegdo) in Genesis 2:18. This video deals with the methodology that is (or should be!) used when doing biblical theology. This video lays the foundation for future videos on the term עֵ֫זֶר כְּנֶגְדּוֹ (Ezer Kenegdo). Enjoy!

For a written post on the meaning of the term עֵ֫זֶר כְּנֶגְדּוֹ (Ezer Kenegdo), click here.

OT Textual Criticism: Changes Due to Theological Reasons

This video is part of a series on Old Testament Textual Criticism.  This video deals with changes that were made in the text by scribes for theological reasons. The example used in this video is the textual change Deuteronomy 32:8. In the Masoretic Tradition it reads “sons of Israel,” in the vast majority of the manuscripts of the LXX it reads “the angels of God, and in 4QDeut J (a fragment of Deuteronomy discovered at Qumran) it reads “the sons of God”.  Enjoy!